Ants are social insects which live in nests. Their nests vary in size depending on their age and the species of ant they are generally found in the ground, in wood or under rocks, although ants can also nest in walls, under paths and in buildings.
Ants are a very successful insect group with over 1200 species occurring in Australia. Ants can be beneficial to the environment some eat insect pests such as termites, their nests improve the soil, they quickly recycle nutrients back into the soil and they are food for a wide range of native birds, reptiles and other small animals.
Sanitation is important in preventing Infestations by ants. Inside the house, pet bowls, dirty dishes, food crumbs on the floor, benches or tables un-emptied rubbish bins, can all attract ants. Outside the house, un-emptied rubbish bins, food and drink cans also encourage ants. Keeping these areas clean and will greatly reduce the chance of ants becoming a problem around the house.
The most common species in the Top End are Coastal Brown Ants, Singapore Ginger Ants, Sugar or Ghost Ants and the biting Tropical Fire Ant & Green Ants. Ant control may involve the use of sprays, dusts and/or baits. In recent times excellent results have been obtained with baits.